Coconut plays a major role in the everyday life of Keralites. Along with the fruit and the water from coconut, which is used as a refreshing drink to beat the heat, Keralites also use the roots, the trunk, and the leaf of coconut for varying purposes. Thus, the socio-cultural economic activities of the state almost remain incomplete without this fruit.

The undulating coconut palms make Kerala one of the most leading manufacturers of Coconut Coir Fiber and its allied products. Coconut coir fiber or the Golden Fiber is first extracted from the hard outer husks of the fruit. These husks are then carefully bundled and then dipped in either saline water or fresh water. The bundles are immersed across various locations for almost a period of 8 to 10 months. This is the Retting process.
The husks after being taken from the water are thrashed with a wooden mallet. This helps in extracting the fiber and separating it from the decomposed husk. Instead of using manual labor, many manufacturers also prefer mechanized process for husk extraction today.
The golden fiber extracted through the process is then spun on either traditional or mechanized ‘Ratts’. Thus begins the yarn making process. Many different grades of yarn can be made via this process, viz., Vycomme, Anjengo, Aratory, etc. The difference in the yarn quality depends on the specific color, thickness, hardness, texture, length of the fiber, etc.
Prevent Soil Erosion

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